Spiritual background. For one millennium, Islam has fashioned the life and the culture of the Toucouleurs. They are known as the defenders of the Muslim faith and, as the first black Africans to convert to Islam, they brought Islam to many other people groups. Their cultural and spiritual roots are bound up with the epic heroes who, according to the people, were virtuous and wise and did many miraculous deeds. They related to God (Allah), gine (spirits) and spoke to Satan. The same mix of anything spiritual is still an integral part of their present day beliefs and practices.
Every day, Toucouleurs seek potions and rituals for healing, gris-gris, love spells as well as praying and reading and reciting the Koran.